Coherence is an increasingly important and internationally recognized attribute of policies. Policy coherence for sustainable development is one of the goals of the 2030 Agenda. And within this framework, the issue of migration governance is particularly keenly felt. A coherent policy for migration governance can significantly contribute to the sustainable development of countries of destination and origin.
Background paper #13 of the Faces of Migration project (download it here) addresses this issue by presenting the analysis that the World Bank has conducted with the Global Knowledge Partnership on Migration and Development (KNOMAD), thematic working group on policy and institutional coherence. The World Bank created two dashboards of indicators, from the perspective of source and destination countries, to measure policy coherence for migration and development (PCMD). As outlined by the PCMD dashboards report, these indicators “are a useful tool to better integrate migration into countries’ strategies for achieving the SDGs and implementing the Global Compact on Migration and the Global Compact on Refugees.”
With the PCMD, policy coherence is compared across five dimensions. The first, “Promoting Institutional Coherence,” measures the degree to which migration is integrated into development strategies, ratification of migrant-specific conventions, migration data, and data reporting, among others. The second, “Reducing the Financial Costs of Migration,” assesses “the extent to which countries have policies in place to reduce the cost of migration” such as, for example, a regulatory framework for labor migration (as it relates to the country of origin and destination). The third dimension relates to “Protecting the rights of migrants and their families” where the rights of migrants such as pensions, political rights, international protection, health care, education, etc. are assessed. The fourth dimension is related to “Promoting the (re)integration of migrants” and includes indicators on access to citizenship, access to bank account, right to work and start a business, availability of data on migration, return migration. The last dimension, “Improving the impact of migration on development,” is particularly related to the role of diasporas in the development of countries of origin and destination, which are “assessed to have programs to share and transfer knowledge between migrants and their communities of origin.”
Finally, FOCSIV’s background document takes stock of policy coherence in Italy by referring to the main findings of the report on Migration and Sustainable Development presented in June 2021: https://www.focsiv.it/sviluppo-sostenibile-e-migrazioni-per-una-visione-strutturale-e-necessaria-una-governance-istituzionale-efficace/