This report evaluates the migration situation in the Czech Republic through the lens of Sustainable Development Goals. These goals represent 17 universally agreed objectives intended to be achieved by the year 2030. The report focuses specifically on the following goals (1) No Poverty (3) Good Health and Well-being, (4) Quality Education, (5) Gender Equality, (8) Decent Work and Economic Growth, (10) Reducing Inequality, (16) Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions, (17) Partnerships for the Goals.
Sustainable Development Goals are dedicated towards reaching the long-term targets. The report describes the main developments of migrant integration in the Czech Republic between 2015 and 2019. The covid-19 pandemic slowed economic growth, increased unemployment and has had a damaging effect on many people. The immigrants have been documented as being more sensitive to changes in labour market conditions. The economic fluctuations caused by the coronavirus situation in 2020 may therefore have a greater influence on immigrants, but these effects have yet to be evaluated.
Over the last two decades, the Czech Republic has become a favourite destination for immigrants. The inflow of immigrants largely accelerated in the economically-successful years preceding the Great Recession in 2009. The number of immigrants residing in the country decreased temporarily after 2009 and started to rise again in 2015. In 2019, the number of legally residing immigrants reached a historic high of nearly 600,000 that represents 5.6% of the Czech population.1 The majority of foreign nationals are concentrated in the capital city of Prague and in large urban areas. Half of the immigrants in the Czech Republic have a permanent residence permit, and the other half are temporary residents, including third-country nationals (TCN) or EU Member State-registered nationals and their relatives.
The report is structured into five chapters that provide a summary of the developments and most important changes related to migrant rights and social inclusion, access to education and health care, political participation, labour market integration, development cooperation and gender equality.